The Doctrine of Laches consists of the following elements:
1. Unreasonable lapse of time.
2. Neglect to assert a right or claim.
3. To the detriment of another.
If these three elements are met, then the Doctrine of Laches will act as a bar in court.

If an adverse party unreasonably delays informing you of a right or claim and this results in permanent damage to your ability to defend your self then such a claim may be barred from court.
Black's Law Dictionary 6th Edition.

Laches/laechaz/leychez/laeshez/. "Doctrine of laches" is based upon maxim that equity aids the vigilant and not those who slumber on their rights. It is defined as neglect to assert a right or claim which, taken together with lapse of time and other circumstances causing prejudice to adverse party, operates as bar in court of equity. Wooded Shores Property Owners Ass'n Inc. v. Mathews, 37 Ill. App.3d 334, 345 N.E.2d. 186, 189. The neglect for an unreasonable and unexpained length of time under circumstances permitting diligence, to do what in law, should have been done. Lake Development Enterprises, Inc. v. Kojetinsky, Mo.App. 410 S.W.2d 361, 367.

Neglect or omission to assert right as, taken in conjunction with lapse of time and other circumstances, causes prejudice to adverse party, People ex rel. Mulvey v. City of Chicago, 292 Ill.App. 589, 12 N.E.2d 13, 16; neglect or omission to do what one should do as warrants presumption that one has abandoned right or claim, Eldridge v. Idaho State Penitentiary, 54 Idaho 213, 30 P.2d 781, 784; negligence by which another has been led into changing his condition with respect to property or right, Heyburn Bldg. Co. v. Highland Motor Transfer Co., 245 Ky. 514, 53 S.W.2d 944, 946; negligence or omission seasonably to assert a right, Davidson v. Grady, C.C.AFla., 105 F.2d 405, 408; omission of something which a party might do and might reasonably be expected to do towards vindication or enforcement of his rights, McCauley v. Northern Texas Traction Co. Tex.Civ.App., 21 S.W.2d 309, 313; omission to do what law requires to protect one's rights under circumstances misleading or prejudicing adverse party; unconscionable, undue, unexcused, unexplained or unreasonable delay in assertion of right, Loveland Camp No. 83, W. O. W., v. Woodmen Bldg. & Benev. Ass'n, 108 Colo. 297, 116 P.2d 195, 199; unreasonable or unexplained delay in asserting right which works disadvantage to another, Kennedy v. Denny, 237 Ky. 649, 36 S.W.2d 41, 42.

Conduct of party which has placed other party in a situation where his rights will be imperiled and his defenses embarassed is a basis of laches. State v. Abernathy, 159 Tenn. 175, 17 S.W.2d 17, 19. Knowledge, unreasonable delay, and change of position are essential elements. Shanik v. White Sewing Mach. Corporation, 25 Del.Ch. 371, 19 A.2d 831, 837. Laches requires an element of estoppel or neglect which has operated to prejudice of defendant. Scarbrough v. Pickens, 26 Tenn.App. 213, 170 S.W.2d 585, 588. See also Equitable estoppel.

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